Ch. 28- Notecards - The United Nations is an international...

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The United Nations is an international organization that describes itself as a "global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity." It was founded in 1945 by 51 states, replacing The League of Nations. The UN was founded after the end of World War II by the victorious world powers with the hope that it would act to prevent conflicts between nations and make future wars impossible, by fostering an ideal of collective security.
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The term “Displaced Persons” began to be used during World War II and the resulting refugee departure from Eastern Europe, when it was used to refer to one removed from his or her native country as a refugee, prisoner or a slave laborer. The term "refugee" is also commonly used as a synonym for displaced person.
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Douglas MacArthur was the general who commanded the forces of the Allies in the Pacific region in World War II. When Japanese forces were about to conquer the Philippines, MacArthur was forced to leave, but vowed, “I shall return.” He did return two years later and drove out the Japanese. After the final defeat of Japan, he supervised their occupation by the Allies and helped revise the Japanese constitution. During the Korean War, he commanded troops of the United Nations but was removed as commander by President Harry S. Truman.
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The Truman Doctrine was the doctrine initiated by Harry Truman in 1947, which stated that the United Stated would provide economic aid to countries that said they were threatened by communist expansion.
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The Marshall Plan , also called The European Recovery Program, was the plan under which The United Stated Provided financial aid to European countries to help them rebuild after World War II.
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The policy of Containment was a United States foreign policy doctrine adopted by president Harry Truman in 1947, operating on the principle that communist governments will eventually fall apart as long as they are prevented from expanding their influence. It was used to justify American involvement in the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
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NATO , or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was the military alliance formed in 1949 in which the allied
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Ch. 28- Notecards - The United Nations is an international...

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