Essay Questions 1-5 Page 18 1. As the Protestant Reformation took Europe by storm, a newfound religious zeal for both Catholics and Protestants spread in its wake. Also results of this era were the technological advances brought forth by the Renaissance, including the use of the sailing compass and major improvements in shipbuilding and mapmaking. With the desire to spread Christianity as the motive and major technological advancements to aid long-distance sailing as the means, seemingly nothing could hold Europe back from its inevitable colonization of the “new world”. 2. England became more successful than Spain and France in its establishment of colonies by developing a low-risk approach to the financing of colonies, devising early political institutions, and by simply developing colonies much more quickly. Unlike either the Spanish or the French, the English had conceived a brilliant, practical method of financing costly and dicey new colonies: joint-stock companies. In this manner,
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