PS 120A-Lecture #3

PS 120A-Lecture #3 - October 1, 2009 PS 120A-Larson Lecture...

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October 1, 2009 PS 120A-Larson Lecture #3 Cold War o Bipartisanship President Truman cooperated with the Republican leader Arthur Vandenberg Bipartisanship means that foreign policy should not be influenced by party politics, it should only be based on national politics Vandenberg’s says “Politics Stop at the Water’s Edge” We need to be united when we are facing other countries How did Truman cultivate bipartisanship? Truman made a point to consulting with the republicans and when there were major foreign policy decisions went to republicans because they controlled the congress Any conferences, he would invite the Republicans to come along as a result Truman was able to get major and very important initiatives through congress such as: o United Nations o NATO Alliance o Marshall Plan Context within Truman was acting, it helped contribute to Patriotism. During the Cold War Congress deferred to the President Gulf of Tonkin Incident August 1964 o Supposedly 2 North Vietnamese ships attacked a US destroyer at the high seas o Pres. LBJ, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, gave President authority to use all necessary means to repel North Vietnamese attacks o Sen. Fulbright was the head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and a friend of LBJ, he was from Arkansas. Fulbright pushed that resolution through congress, but in signing the resolution Congress didn’t believe they were voting for war, they thought they were giving Johnson the authority to respond to attacks but Johnson used that resolution as a “blank check” to escalate the war in Vietnam. Up to 500,000 soldiers without Congressional declaration of War. 1
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October 1, 2009 PS 120A-Larson Lecture #3 o As the Vietnam war became increasingly unpopular, Congress believed LBJ had abused his authority and thought he had abused his authority and thought it was dangerous to give the President this more power o There was talk about an Imperial Presidency o Undermined that the President had special expertise in foreign diplomacy and congress believed Collapse of Cold War Coalition 1973-76 o The collapse of the coalition that supported LBJ and others for war o 1973-1976 Congress passed various laws trying to restrict President’s authority within war War Powers Act 1973 Presidential abuse of power was at its worst Nixon vetoed the Act but was weakened because of Watergate War Powers Act-requires the President consult with Congress where possible before committing troops into hostility or situations where war seems emanate. The president is supposed to report to Congress within 48 hours after the beginning of hostility. The president can conduct undeclared war for 60 days, but at the end of the 60 days he has 30 days to end it If doesn’t get a congressional declaration of war, congress can get back the soldiers within 90 days Why has this act been ineffective? Language is ambiguous
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2009 for the course POL SCI 324421201 taught by Professor Larson during the Spring '09 term at UCLA.

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PS 120A-Lecture #3 - October 1, 2009 PS 120A-Larson Lecture...

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