Name: PROTEIN SYNTHESIS WORKSHEET Part A: Label the Diagrams (with the terms shown): Nucleotide Structure phosphate group five-carbon sugar nitrogen(ous) base oxygen in the ring 1’ – 5’ carbons DNA Structure sugar-phosphate backbone adenine thymine cytosine guanine hydrogen bond __________ _________ _______ _________ __________ PART B. Answer the following questions: 1. Name two differences between the structures of DNA and RNA. 2. What is the first step of protein synthesis? 3. What is the second step of protein synthesis? 4. Where does the first step of protein synthesis occur? 5. Where does the second step of protein synthesis occur?
G T A C C A T T G C T C G A T 6. Nitrogen bases are read ____ bases at a time. 7. The triplet bases on the mRNA strand are called ____________. 8. The triplet bases on tRNA are called ________________. 9. What is the start codon? 10. What are the stop codons? 11. A bunch of amino acids put together makes ____________. 12. Where is mRNA synthesized, transcription or translation? 13. Does tRNA bring amino acid to the nucleus or ribosomes?
- Fall '19
- AGA ACA TAA TAC CTC TTA ACA CTC TAA AGA CCA GCA CTC CGA TGA, last step