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Unformatted text preview: Linguistics 100: Homework 6 Due at the beginning of class on Friday, October 16. Please clearly indicate any collaborators, use a computer or typewriter, staple if needed, and clearly explain your reasoning throughout. Problem 1: Cyclicity in Spokane (6 points) Spokane, also called Npoqnicn, is a Salishan language spoken in eastern Washington. This language has a phonological rule deleting vowels in a certain context. You should be able to figure out the context from the data in Table 1 below: underlying form surface form 1a / qts <-il S / [qts < l S ] he ran run- aut 1b / k P w l P- S i-t-um-en/ [k P w l P S tmn] I made you something make- redir-trans-2sgObj-1sg 1c / t P S-n-t-en/ [t P S ntn] I sweetened it sweet- control-trans-1sg 1d /n- X l- S i-t-en/ [n X l S tn] Im afraid for him loc- fear- redir-trans-1sg 1e /n- mj-ts < in/ [nmjts < n] he knows his stories loc- know-mouth/food 1f /s- tw-ts < in/ [stwts < n] groceries nom- buy-mouth/food 1g / S el-mn-t-ex w / [ S lmntx w ] you used the axe to chop it chop- rel-trans-2sg 1h / S el-n-t-x w / [ S lntx w ] you chopped it chop- control-trans-2sg 1i /t S <- S it P- S -t-en/ [t S < S t P S tn] I guarded something for him loc- stand- redir-trans-1sg 1j /s- t P i S- q/ [st P S q] huckleberry nom- sweet-fruit 1k /s- t P i S-a q- p/ [st P S q p] huckleberry bush nom- sweet-fruit-plant 1l / p P @S-e p- X n/ [p P S p X n] cattail mat scrape-plant-arm Table 1: Spokane vowel deletion: Basic examples Roots are given in boldface in underlying representations throughout this problem. 1 A [1 point]. Based on the data in Table 1, what is the context for vowel deletion? 1 In the first version of the assignment, the surface form in 1g had a typo (the [n] was in the wrong place). 1 In the rest of this problem, you will find Spokane evidence for the cyclic interaction of morphology and phonology along the general lines discussed in the October 9 lecture. Specifically, you will find evidence for the following derivational sequence: Cycle 1 morphology Add suffixes to root phonology Cycle 1 phonological rules Cycle 2 morphology Add prefixes and the repetitive morpheme...
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- Fall '09