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2610_16 - Aggression Professor Mikels 10.28.2009 1...

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10/28/09 1 1 Aggression Professor Mikels 10.28.2009 2 Announcement Discussion Sections on Friday Reaction responses due Thursday (10/29) by 5PM Kazdin & Benjet (2003). Spanking Children: Evidence and Issues. Gershoff (2002). Corporal Punishment by Parents and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences. 3 More Tough Guise
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10/28/09 2 4 Aggression : behaviors intended to harm others Majority of individuals (~75% non-aggressive) Males More aggressive throughout life span Overt physical and verbal Females Higher levels of relational aggression (behaviors that damage friendships and social inclusion) Gender Differences in Aggression Harris (1992); Crick & Grotpeter (1995) 5 Instinctual Theories Aggression is inborn Psychoanalytic Theory [Sigmund Freud] Thanatos: death instinct Ethological Theory [Konrad Lorenz] Fighting instinct: at other members of species - survival of individual Criticism: cultural differences [e.g., Amish, New Guinea] 6 Frustration/Aggression Hypothesis Dollard et al. (1939) & Berkowitz (1965) Aggression is an externally elicited internal force Frustration aggression
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