2610_11 - 10/5/09 Development of a Sense of Self Professor...

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10/5/09 1 1 Development of a Sense of Self Professor Mikels 10.05.2009 2 Delayed Self-Recognition Povinelli, Landau, & Perilloux (1996) Participants 10 2-year olds; 16 3-year olds; 16 4-year olds Method Videotaped children playing a game (sticker hidden under one of three cups) LARGE sticker placed covertly in child’s hair After 3 minutes, children watched video of event Measure: remove sticker? 3 Delayed Self-Recognition Povinelli, Landau, & Perilloux (1996) 2 years: Present self (immediate) 4 years: Extended self (temporal stability of self) 3-5 years: Categorical self (social dimensions, e.g. age, sex) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2-years 3-years 4-years Age Percent removing sticker
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10/5/09 2 4 Theory of Mind Public self : self that others can see or infer Private self : self that individual only knows Theory of mind : other people are cognitive beings with desires, beliefs, & intentions - not always observable 5 Theory of Mind 9 months : Joint attention (direct attention of companion) 12-14 months : Acknowledge the attention of others (follow eyes of other to objects) 18 months : Reason about how desires of others influence behavior 2-3 years : Appreciation of private self, Desire
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2610_11 - 10/5/09 Development of a Sense of Self Professor...

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