history assignment - 2

history assignment - 2 - Note K adiwal

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Note : - Sources from text, notes and online information. Who were the Federalists and the Republicans, and how did they differ over the meaning of liberty and  the national government? Ans. Federalists:- The Federalists, as a rule, were advocates of a strong central government. They were somewhat  pessimistic about human nature and believed that the government must resist the passions of the  general public.  One of the government's prime functions was to maintain order. The Federalists tended to place  their faith in the talents of small governing elite.  Since many Federalists were large landowners, bankers and businessmen, they favored the  government's efforts to encourage and  protect American industry . The original " Federalists " were supporters of the ratification of the Constitution in the years  between 1787 and 1790.  As for the Federalists, they included most of those people who had helped to write the  Constitution. They presented rational arguments in a series of essays called 'the Federalist',  which was written by James  Madison , Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, while highlighting the  failure   of   the   Articles   of   Confederation.   However   the   Federalists   agreed   with   the   Anti- Federalists on the idea that a Bill of Rights should be added to the US Constitution. The Federalists had decided to refuse the Bill of Rights being added claiming that such power  could never be claimed by the Government. The Federalists had leadership such as Madison,  Franklin and Washington, which gave them strong leverage over the people of the colonies. The Federalists believed in the following statements:- 1. The people cannot govern themselves, nor protect their collective rights, without a strong  government. 2. A representative few must guard against the confusions of the multitude. 3. Our nation must have a method by which to discharge its public debts. 4. Only a strong central government can ensure that states participate in the general good. 5. Representation is distributed more equally in the federal government than in a confederation. 6. This constitution protects the institution of slavery without trespassing on the rights of those  who do not own slaves. 7. This constitution protects the public good without need for a Bill of Rights, as an independent  judiciary will secure the rights of all. 8.
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2009 for the course HISTORY 1301 taught by Professor Carolfry during the Spring '09 term at HCCS.

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history assignment - 2 - Note K adiwal

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