Blithedale_II - Terms/identifications. (40 points) Choose 4...

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Unformatted text preview: Terms/identifications. (40 points) Choose 4 out of 6. Terms/identifications. (40 points) Write approximately three sentences to define or identify the following. Place each term in an appropriate context for the course: Old Moodie Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 sympathy free indirect discourse the conditional chiasmus As for the black, whose brain, not body, had schemed As for the black, whose brain, not body, had schemed and led the revolt, with the plot—his slight frame, inadequate to that which it held, had at once yielded to the superior muscular strength of his captor, in the boat. Seeing all was over, he uttered no sound, and could not be forced to. His aspect seemed to say, since I cannot do deeds, I will not speak words. Put in irons in the hold, with the rest, he was carried back to Lima. During the passage Don Benito did not visit him. Nor then, nor any time after, would he look at him. Before the tribunal he refused. On the testimony of the sailors alone rested the legal identity of Babo. (Herman Melville, Benito Cereno) Prompt: What does this passage suggest to you about the relation of silence (Babo’s) to power? Consider also how Melville’s style works to suggest uncertainty in this passage. I. Imagination as Reform, or Cruelty I. Imagination as Reform, or Cruelty Satire: the literary art of Satire: diminishing a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking toward it attitudes of contempt. I was full of idle and shapeless regrets. The I was full of idle and shapeless regrets. The thought impressed itself upon me that I had left duties unperformed. With the power, perhaps, to act in the place of destiny and to avert misfortune from my friends, I had resigned them to their fate. That cold tendency, between instinct and intellect, which made me pry with a speculative interest into people’s passions and impulses, appeared to have gone far towards unhumanizing my heart. But a man cannot always decide for himself whether his own heart is cold or warm. It now impresses me that, if I erred at all in regard to Hollingsworth, Zenobia, and Priscilla, it was through too much sympathy, rather than too little. (97) II. Gender Trouble II. Gender Trouble The sentimental novel: a novel typically The sentimental novel emphasizing the tearful distresses of the virtuous, often also representing sensitivity to the beauties of Nature. These novels modeled sensitivity and appropriate sympathy for middle­class women readers in the US. Most men—and certainly I could not always Most men—and certainly I could not always claim to be one of the exceptions—have a natural indifference, if not an absolutely hostile feeling, towards those whom disease, or weakness, or calamity of any kind, cause to falter and faint amid the rude jostle of our selfish existence. The education of Christianity, it is true, the sympathy of a like experience, and the example of women, may soften, and possibly subvert, this ugly characteristic of our sex; but it is originally there…But there was something of the woman molded into the great, stalwart frame of Hollingsworth; nor was he ashamed of it, as men often are of what is best in them… (24) The Cult of True Womanhood: popular The Cult of True Womanhood movement in the mid­19th century that emphasized the “proper” role of woman as in the home, acting as a moral and spiritual guide to her husband and children. The “true woman” was not to enter into the marketplace, as a worker or artist—nor was she to be motivated by any passion other than her religious faith. Voyeur: one who gratifies his own sexual needs by watching others’ private or sexual lives, from a safe distance. “O, this stale sense of duty!” said Zenobia, in a whisper so full of scorn that it penetrated me like the hiss of a serpent. “I have often heard it before, from those who sought to interfere with me, and I know precisely what it signifies. Bigotry; self­conceit; an insolent curiosity; a meddlesome temper; a cold­blooded cynicism… out of these, and other motives as miserable as these, comes your sense of duty! But, beware, sir! With all your fancied acuteness, you step blindfold into these affairs. For any mischief that may follow your interference, I hold you responsible!” (108) ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2009 for the course ENGL 103A taught by Professor Maslan during the Fall '09 term at UCSB.

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