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Unformatted text preview: Objectives • Understand moral application of the Principle of Utility • Acknowledge positive and negative aspects of utilitarianism Week 5: Utilitarianism (Consequential Reasoning) John Stuart Mill Warm-Ups: Curing Cancer (“Extreme Measures” film clip ) Moral Awareness (Observe) Moral Analysis (Orient) Moral Reasoning (Decide) Moral Courage (Act) • Motives to do the act • Consequences of the act • Character of the actor An act is good/right (or bad/wrong) depending upon the consequences or the outcomes produced by the act • Judges the act (consequences), not the actor (intentions or motive) ! Principle of Utility “The greatest net happiness of all those whose interest is in question is the right and proper and universally desirable end of human action.” – or – “An action is right if and only if it maximizes the sum total of happiness, considering all consequences and affected parties.” Act vs. Rule Utilitarianism • Act utilitarian ( Bentham ) Æ apply principle to particular acts in particular circumstances • Rule utilitarian ( Mill ) Æ follow patterns of established conduct that have been validated by the principle Utilitarianism: A Consequential Approach •...
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- Spring '09
- Hatch, Consequential Reasoning, Understand moral application