06.Kant & Moral Duty

06.Kant & Moral Duty - Week 6: Kant & Moral...

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Duty Ethics Understand moral duty vs. military duty Understand Kant’s requirement for an action to have moral worth Understand application of Categorical Imperative to military decision-making Immanuel Kant “Except this time the mission is the man.” – Sgt Horvath “Saving Private Ryan” Moral Awareness (Observe) Moral Analysis (Orient) Moral Reasoning (Decide) Moral Courage (Act) Motives to do the act Consequences of the act Character of the actor
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Good Will : motive that impels one to do what is right ¾ Self-determination via rational deliberation ¾ Unconditional ultimate good – independent of time, space, and emotion (ephemeral) Æ reliable Kantian Dictionary Basis of morality Æ reason (rational beings) Reason Æ Autonomy (moral sovereignty) Æ Moral Law Right :” actions per moral duty Duty : obligations (actions) mandated by moral law Categorical Imperative ¾ Absolute moral command to gauge if act is right ¾ “A rational reconstruction of what Kant believes we already know is moral” ( Eberle ) “An act is right if it treats humanity as moral (rational) equals”
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Kantian Pitfalls Difference between Moral Duty and Military Duty? What might Kant say? “If your intentions are good, then your actions are good” Acts can be: ¾ Blameworthy (wrong act) ¾ Questionable (right act from wrong motive) ¾ Praiseworthy (right act from right motive) – moral worth ¾ Moral Duty Æ self-imposed (“MO” = moral obligation) ¾ Military Duty Æ externally imposed (“MO” = movement order)
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Categorical Imperative TACAID Form maxim describing your intended action (Good Will) Could it become universal without contradiction? (no exceptions for self!)
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06.Kant & Moral Duty - Week 6: Kant & Moral...

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