Exam 2 - IV. Spanish- American War A. Cuba In the meantime,...

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IV. Spanish- American War A. Cuba In the meantime, things are getting weird in Cuba. Cuba was one of the few remaining parts of the once huge Spanish-American Empire. Spain was once the most powerful empires in the world. Over the centuries, Spain lost its power and it began losing its colonial possessions. All that remained of a huge empire was Puerto Rico and Cuba. There was a rebellion going on in the 1890s in Cuba. Rebels were trying to gain independence from Spain. There had been several efforts before this riot. In 1895, these Cuban rebels were very savvy. Newspapers were big business by the late 19 th , early 20 th . The goal was to make money. They sold the most newspapers possible- well they printed the most sensational stories you could get, whether false or factual. These Cuban rebels were very savvy and they understood this media situation. There was a propaganda office in New York and Spain in an effort to shut down this rebellion was brutalizing the civilian population. They were put in concentration camps. Conditions in Cuba were terrible and it was very brutal. Any story is going to be sensational if it comes out in newspapers, but Americans start being fed a steady diet of atrocious things going on in Cuba. There is a growing movement in the U.S. for the U.S. military to get involved in Cuba. This is something that the U.S. has not done before. William McKinley was president and he was of the generation that had fought Civil War. His generation understood war as the Civil War. War was not something that was taken lightly and the U.S. had never intervened on behalf of another nation. McKinley stayed out until 1898. Several things happened that ultimately drag the U.S. into this situation. The U.S. was involved with Cuba and Spain. U.S. was trying to mediate negotiations in 1898. Communications were coming in that Spain was not negotiation in good faith, they were only trying to drag things out until hopefully the rebellion could be suppressed. Also, a U.S. battleship as it set an anchor in Havana Harbor. The U.S. did not have much of a navy back in 1870s, but the U.S. goes on this ship building boom and they had a pretty top of the line. Just to remind Spain that the U.S. was now a line of power. This ship just dropped in Havana Harbor to remind them that they were a naval power. It blew up! Spain is blamed for this- even though it was not clear at the time exactly how the ship exploded, they determined that the ship exploded because of an external explosion. Subsequent studies reveal that it was probably an accident. The battleship sank and it killed about 260 sailors. The perception is that Spain has done this and there is a huge outcry from people in the U.S. to declare war on Spain. In Spring of 1898, The U.S. does declare war. This is the first war that the U.S. has been involved in since the Civil War. This is where the south really
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Exam 2 - IV. Spanish- American War A. Cuba In the meantime,...

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