Americas Midterm Review

Americas Midterm Review - 10/10/2009 09:58:00 1. Compare...

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Unformatted text preview: 10/10/2009 09:58:00 1. Compare and contrast the levels of development of Europe, Africa, and the New World on the eve of Columbus's Voyage of Discovery. Through the years it has been drilled into students heads that the Europeans were ahead, that they were more developed, more sophisticated than the rest of the world. Europe was actually behind in levels of development. Many of their accomplishments were actually taken from other parts of the world. For example, Europe was unable to sell anything on the world market except for silver, which was often mined in other places. If Europe had any strength it was in the act of transportation, but the items that were transported were often produced by others. Europe: famine, pestilence, war, and death ravaged Europe from the 14 th to the mid 15 th century Bubonic plague killed 25 million, a third of its population Continent suffered recurring famines 100 yrs war Many rebellions political map was a jigsaw puzzle of 500 semi-sovereign entities could transport goods and silver, produced by others. Moved west by weakness (Muslims cut off entry to the Middle East, not by strength. Pop. Growth in Europe half of Africas (0.3 vs 0.6) more machines to work and using more non human power than Africans and indigineous Americans; much more engaged in bulk transportation of goods by sea (ship) willingness to adapt items from other cultures The Americas: prosperous and sophisticated civilizations before the Europeans arrived City of Tenochtitlan was bigger than any European city Engaged in long distance trade, contructed colossal temples and pyramids, and produced fine works of art. Extensive canals, drainage swamps Lagged in devel. Of farming implements or vehicles or ocean-going transport. Gold and silver, adoption of Asian technology, agricultural techniques, trading and navigation knowhow Africa:Iron and gold producting experts Trading networks, advancement in mathematics, astronomy and medicine Mining to chemicals, all three were comparable. signified wealth according to educated Europeans; King of Mali and Sultan of Cairo among wealthiest and most powerful rulers in the known world; the reason Portugal began to explore was for Africas gold. Military technology-West Africa stopped a Portuguese advance in Angola. 2. In what specific ways is the concept of "civilization" used to judge levels of cultural development Eurocentric?...
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Americas Midterm Review - 10/10/2009 09:58:00 1. Compare...

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