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class outline - 2A: Romanness meets Christianity (27-392)...

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2A:  Romanness meets Christianity (27-392) I. Romanness a. Empire, 27-180 AD; peace and paideia b. 3 rd  century crisis (235-284): war, taxation, end of paideia II. Christianity a. Growing appeal, 1 st -3 rd  century b. Relation to 3 rd  century crisis c. Opposite of Romanness III. Union a. Constantine’s conversion, 312 AD b. Effects on Christianity: theology, hierarchy, canon c. Effects on Romanness: religious uniformity, historical progress 2B:  Romanness meets the Barbarians (284-500) I. 1 God, 1 Empire? a. Diocletian’s reforms (284-305): tetrarchy, etc. II. “Barbarians” a. Early contact (1 st -3 rd  century) b. Major migrations
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III. Effects on Western Empire a. Rethinking God and state: Augustine’s  City of God b. Roman-Germanic mixing 1. Theoderic the Ostragoth (493-526) 2. Clovis, King of Franks (481-511) and Salic Law 3. Gregory of Tours,  History of the Franks c. General effects on the West 3A:  Breakup of the Mediterranean: Christianity meets Islam (527-610) I. Justinian (527-565), last ancient Roman emperor a. Absolutist rule: Nika riots b. Building projects c. Law: Corpus Iuris Civilis d. Reconquest of Western Europe II. Rise of Islam a. 7 th  century Arabia b. Muhammad and the last revelation c. Islamic expansion, 622-750 d. Reasons for success e. Internal divisions and threats
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III. From East Roman Empire to Byzantium (610) a. Iconoclastic controversy 4A:  Mission and monasticism in the West (300-663) I. Intro: Latin Christendom in the “Dark Ages” (up to 800) II. Early monasticism in the Eastern Mediterranean a. Solitary form: Saint Anthony b. Communal form: Barilian monks c. The sacred and the body III. Solitary monasticism in the West a. Patricius (c. 385-461) b. Adaptation to tribal traditions c. Exile and missionizing IV. Communal monasticism in the West a. Benedict (c. 480-547) and Benedictine Rule b. Pope Gregory I (ruled 590-604) and mission to England V. Synod of Whitby, 663: Irish and Benedictine mix
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a. Results 1. Uniformity and network 2. Expansion 3. Preservation of learning 4B:  Charlemagne- The Invention of Europe? (7     th     century-855)     I. Merovingian Dynasty of Franks a. Counts b. Mayors of the palace II. The Carolingian coup a. Pepin I: land and loyalty (687) b. Charles Martel: military victory (Poitiers, 732) c. Pepin II: legitimacy- Boniface III. Charlemagne a. Conquest b. Administration c. Church reform d. “Carolingian Renaissance” IV. Frankish king or European emperor?
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a. Empirical coronation by the Pope, 800 b. Evidence of both sides V. Carolingian legacy a. Division of realm: Treaty of Verdun, 843 b. Military technology 5A:  A new world?  Vikings and Ottomans (800-1000) I. Attacks from North and South a. Muslims (Saracens): raiding, conquest of Sicily
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Reginald during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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class outline - 2A: Romanness meets Christianity (27-392)...

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