Ch4Themes - reaction. 3. Relationship of Structure to...

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Neisha Kobrin Elena Alcedo Adri Stewart Major Themes of Chapter 4 (Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life) 1. Science as a Process of Inquiry: Originally, when organic compounds were discovered, scientists believed that they only originated from living things and existed no where else. After several research experiments, scientists discovered how to synthesize organic compounds. After this, new doors were opened for scientists such as Friedrich Wöhler, Berzelius, Hermann Kolbe, and Stanley Miller, who continued to experiment with organic compounds until they reached a new definition that still stands today: an organic compound is any compound that contains carbon. 2. Energy Transfer: phosphate groups often aid in the transfer of energy between organic molecules. Also, when a hydroxyl group bonds with a hydrogen atom, a hydrolysis reaction occurs, releasing energy. The functional groups are usually the group of atoms that participate in chemical reactions. Chemical energy is taken in or given off during the
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Unformatted text preview: reaction. 3. Relationship of Structure to Function: This chapter begins to describe the relationship of structure to function. It goes more in depth in chapter 5. The functional groups are consistent from one organic molecule to the next. For example, every carbonyl group looks and acts the same from compound to compound. Each functional group’s characteristics and function are all based off of its structure. An organic molecule can change its function by adding a functional group and thus changing its structure. 4. Science, Technology, and Society: This chapter mentions the effect of isomers in pharmaceutical products. For example, a drug created to lessen the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease sometimes leads to birth defects because of an enantiomer that is sometimes produced while making the drug. Soon doctors decided that using the drug was too risky because there was no real way to monitor when the enantiomer verses the normal molecule was produced....
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2009 for the course SI 0126 taught by Professor Gourney during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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