Chase Zarate, GCU SPD 510_ History of Special Education Timeline (1).pdf

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Running head: SPD TIMELINE1History of Special Education TimelineChase ZarateGrand Canyon University: SPD 510Prof. Mary CapenFebruary 19, 2020
2SPD TIMELINETimeline1817-American School for the Deaf“The American School for the Deaf is founded in Connecticut, the first school fordisabled children anywhere in the Western Hemisphere” (Preceden, 2020).1840-Law Mandating Compulsory EducationLaw passed in Rhode Island. Mandated compulsory education for all children, in whichchildren are required by law to receive and the government must provide (Preceden,2020).1869-Plessy vs. FergusonAlthough Plessy vs. Ferguson is not directly tied to special education, it did set theprecedence of separate but equal.1919-Beattie vs. Board of EducationIn this case, disabled learning children were expelled from school due to facialabnormalities. “It was not tied to their mental capacities, rather, teachers and fellowstudents were disgusted by this students’ physical conditions” (Preceden, 2020).1922-Council for Exceptional Children (CEC)The CEC is the first advocacy group for special needs children. “The main objective ofCEC is to ensure that children with special needs receive Free Appropriate PublicEducation (FAPE)” (Preceden, 2020).This was paramount for special education.1954-Brown vs. Board of EducationOverturns Plessy vs. Ferguson. Supreme Court Rules that segregation in public schools isunconstitutional. Began the movement of equality in education (Sutori, 2017).
3SPD TIMELINE1965-The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESSA)“The ESSA provided states with federal grants to improve opportunities for students whowere disadvantaged, which included disabled children” (Sutori, 2017). “This is regardedas the nation’s national education law and shows a longstanding commitment to equalopportunity for all students” (Hert, 2020).1972-Mills vs. Board of Education“The U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia (D.C.) students classified as

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Term
Spring
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

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