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AP BIOLOGY OUTLINE FOR BIOCHEMISTRY: CHEMICAL BASIS OF LIVING SYSTEMS 1. Atoms, molecules, bonding, pH 2. Energetics: Free energy change and entropy 3. Structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, organic acids, and nucleic acids ENZYMES: 1. Enzyme-substrate complex 2. Role of coenzymes, inorganic cofactors, prosthetic groups, and vitamins 3. Factors affecting the rate and/or direction of enzyme reactions ESSAY QUESTIONS: 1965: Biologists and biochemists have made outstanding progress within the past quarter century in elucidating principles and structures which govern the activities of living matter. These areas of progress include: A. The structure and code of the DNA molecule B. The use of radioactive isotopes as tracers in biological processes C. The citric acid cycle and its relationship to mitochondria D. The use of electron microscopy in revealing the structure of the cell Discuss any one of these developments and its impact on biological thought and progress. Your answer should include: a. a brief account of the development b. the names of the most prominent investigators involved c. the nature of its impact on biology 1968: Suppose that you have isolated an extract from a tissue and you have found that the extract speeds up the rate of a particular reaction. What kind of information would you need to demonstrate that the substance
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2009 for the course SI 0126 taught by Professor Gourney during the Summer '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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