Lecture 2 ('09)

Lecture 2 ('09) - Sources for Classical Sources for...

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Unformatted text preview: Sources for Classical Sources for Classical Mythology 8/28/2009 Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology Very eclectic Texts span many time periods, from ca. 800 BCE ­ 200 CE (and beyond) Texts span many geographical locations Geographical variations Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology Myths found in many different literary genres, e.g. heroic epic, didactic epic, tragedy, religious hymns, love poetry, mythological handbooks, etc. ( = et cetera, ‘and others’) Greco­roman mythology spans two very different ancient cultures, the Greeks and Romans Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology Homer (ca. 800­700 BCE) Iliad and Odyssey Heroic epic poetry Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology Hesiod (ca. 700 BC) Theogony and Works and Days Didactic epic/wisdom literature Didasko = ‘teaching’ Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology The Homeric Hymns (ca. 700 BC – 300 BC) 33 in all NOT written by Homer, but by various anonymous authors over the centuries Honor particular Olympian gods Shorter ones are possibly preludes to longer narrative poems Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology Attic (i.e. Athenian) Tragedy (5th Century BC) Aeschylus Sophocles Euripides Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology: tragedy Aeschylus (525 – 456 BC) Prometheus Bound Agamemnon Etc. Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology: tragedy Sophocles (496 – 406 BC) King Oedipus Antigone Etc. Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology: tragedy Euripides (485 – 406 BC) Bacchae Medea Etc. Nature of literary sources for Nature of literary sources for classical mythology Roman Sources Vergil (70 – 19 BC) Ovid (43 BC – AD 17) Aeneid Metamorphoses Often lighthearted and witty Nature of sources for classical Nature of sources for classical mythology: visual arts Vase paintings Sculpture Architectural sculpture Modern works of art Nature of sources for classical Nature of sources for classical mythology: visual arts Vase painting Nature of sources for classical Nature of sources for classical mythology: visual arts Sculpture Nature of sources for classical Nature of sources for classical mythology: visual arts Architectural sculpture Nature of sources for classical Nature of sources for classical mythology: visual arts Modern works of art Painting Sculpture Etc. ...
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