Lecture 5 ('09)

Lecture 5 ('09) - The Great Flood and the 12 Olympians,...

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Unformatted text preview: The Great Flood and the 12 Olympians, Part I 12 The Great Flood The Ovid’s Metamorphoses Ovid’s Metamorphoses Human wickedness in Human Age of Iron Age Rumors reach Olympus Zeus and Lycaon • • Xenia Metamorphosis of Metamorphosis Lycaon Lycaon Flood as punishment; Flood cleanses the earth cleanses • Cf. story of Noah and Cf. the ark the Deucalion and Pyrrha Rebirth of mortals • The 12 Olympians The Aphrodite (Venus) Born from Ouranos’ genitals Zeus (Jupiter) Poseidon (Neptune) Hera (Juno) Demeter (Ceres) N.B. [ = nota bene – ‘take care to note’] Hestia N.B. nota (Vesta) and Hades (Pluto) are not technically Olympians (i.e. they don’t live on Olympus) Olympians Cronus + Rhea = The 12 Olympians The Other Olympians are sons/daughters of Zeus by Other various mothers various Zeus + Hera = Ares (Mars) and Hephaestus (Vulcan) Zeus + Metis = Athena (Minerva) Zeus + Maia = Hermes (Mercury) Zeus + Leto = Apollo and Artemis (Diana) Zeus + Semele = Dionysus (Bacchus) Zeus earns nickname ‘father of gods and men’ Hestia (Vesta) Hestia Goddess of the hearth Goddess fire fire Root of word ‘Vesta’ is Root VAS- ‘to burn’; cognate with ‘hestia’, the Greek word for ‘hearth’ word • Same root as in Vesuvius, Same Vesuvius, and through German (‘ost’) as in our word ‘east’ (‘ost’) Among Greeks, largely a Among domestic goddess domestic Not well represented in Not myth myth Hestia (Vesta) Hestia At Rome, Vesta was a At more explicitly public goddess/goddess of the Roman state Roman Temple in the Roman Temple Forum Forum Vesta as the eternal flame Vesta of the state, the central hearth of the empire hearth Vestal Virgins; had to Vestal remain chaste (or else!) remain • Served for 30 years Zeus (Jupiter) Zeus Root of name means Root ‘bright’ ‘bright’ Supreme god of Supreme Greco-Roman myth/religion myth/religion Basic province is the Basic sky sky Common epithets: ‘cloud-gatherer’; cloud-gatherer’; ‘father of gods and men’ men’ Zeus (Jupiter) Zeus Attributes: Lightning bolt Eagle • Regal and lofty Oak tree sacred to him Appearance: a man in Appearance: his prime, usually bearded bearded Often shown bearing Often the aegis the • A magical shield Zeus and Olympia Zeus Site of Olympic Games Founded in 776 BC Chryselephantine cult Chryselephantine statue of Zeus by Pheidias statue Temple of Zeus Olympia as pan-Hellenic Olympia site, dominated by the supreme pan-Hellenic god (i.e. Zeus) god Pan = ‘all’; Hellenes = Pan ‘Greeks’ ‘Greeks’ Zeus and Prophecy Zeus Dodona Oracular shrine Priestess as god’s Priestess mouthpiece mouthpiece Cryptic nature of Cryptic responses responses • Cf. oracle of Apollo at Cf. Delphi Delphi Hera (Juno) Hera Hera and Zeus Hieros gamos Her name seems to be a title, Her meaning ‘lady’ meaning Hera as matronly paradigm of Hera motherhood, marriage, and familial devotion familial Plays queen of Olympus to Plays Zeus’ king Zeus’ Regal image Often shown with crown and Often scepter scepter ‘white-armed’; ‘ox-eyed’ Common epithets: Especially associated with city Especially of Argos of ...
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