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9/11/2009 Quiz Quiz 1. Which two characters are depicted in this scene? Quiz Quiz
1. Who convinces Hephaestus to release Ares and Aphrodite from their chains? Which Trojan prince becomes a cup bearer to the gods? What is the name of the guesthost relationship which Lycaon is punished for breaking? Name two attributes of Zeus. 1. 1. 1. The 12 Olympians, Part II Part Children of Zeus and Hera Children Eileithyia, Hebe, Hephaestus, and Ares Eileithyia (Roman Lucina) – Name comes from Greek verb meaning ‘to arrive’ – Goddess of childbirth – Her mythology is not well developed
Artemis Her name is sometimes simply a title for Hera and Hebe Hebe
Goddess of youth (her name means ‘youth’) Cupbearer for socials on Olympus Eventual wife of Heracles – Cf. Ganymede (she is sometimes called Ganymeda) Hephaestus (Vulcan) Hephaestus Etymology of name unknown, but it is a very old name, attested already in Linear B tablets (ca. 1200 BCE); the word Vulcan is of Etruscan origin God of crafts, metal working, and fire; a divine craftsman Often said to have workshops in volcanic mountains (e.g. on island of Lemnos) Was lame from birth Often depicted with tools Married to Aphrodite
– Aided by the 3 Cyclopes Hephaestus Hephaestus Tossed from Olympus by Zeus (Iliad) Hephaestus, Aphrodite, and Ares (Odyssey)
– Story amuses gods, calms tensions Ares (Mars) Ares Etymology of Greek name uncertain, but is related to arete, ‘manly excellence’; the root in the Latin name means ‘to glimmer’ God of war (his name often simply means ‘war’ / ‘destruction’) Not terribly popular in Greek myth/ cult
– Cf. martial arts, martial law Often depicted as a young man with helmet and shield – Often associated with brutality and violence of war – Can be provider of courage in combat and defender of freedom Ares (Mars) Ares At Rome, Mars was more revered as patron of Roman state and defender of liberty Was the father (by Rhea Silvia) of Romulus (and Remus), founder of the city of Rome Augustus and the Temple of Mars Ultor, ‘the Avenger’ Romans named a month after him, Martius (our March)
– Military campaigns began in spring The Muses 9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne Goddesses of poetic/literary inspiration muse means ‘reminder’ Dwell on Mt. Helicon, in central Greece Frequently associated with Apollo The Fates The 3 Daughters of Zeus and Themis, whose name means ‘justice’ / ‘law’ In Greek they are called Moirai (‘the apportioners’), in Latin Parcae (from a root meaning ‘to weave’) Often depicted as old women Control destiny of each human Clotho (‘the spinner’), Lachesis (‘the measurer’), Atropos (‘the inflexible’) ...
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