Lecture 8 ('09)

Lecture 8 ('09) - Quiz Quiz 9/16/2009 Quiz Quiz 1. Name two...

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Unformatted text preview: Quiz Quiz 9/16/2009 Quiz Quiz 1. Name two of the three figures depicted here: Quiz Quiz 1. Who is the “mother” of Athena? What island is Aphrodite said to have been born on or near? How is Adonis killed? A chryselephantine statue is made of what? 1. 1. 1. A Quick Writing Lesson Quick Structure Structure Intro – Thesis Support Paragraphs – Topic Sentences Conclusion Supporting Your Arguments Supporting Use specific evidence! – Direct quotes – Paraphrasing Citations – Consistency is the key! A Few Pet Peeves… Few Their, There, They’re Too, To, Two Apostrophe use (possessive) Summarization Poor Grammar in General Aphrodite (Venus) Aphrodite Aphrodite (Venus) Aphrodite Goddess of love, beauty, and sex; goddess of love in both spiritual and physical sense Greek name means ‘foam­born goddess’ (aphros = ‘foam’) Origin of Roman name is unclear, but she may have originally been associated with gardens and crops Appearance: beautiful young woman Common epithets: Cypris, Cytherea, philommeides (‘laughter­loving’) – Oldest of the Olympians – Aphrodite Urania vs. Aphrodite Pandemos Aphrodite of Knidos Aphrodite Scandalous statue by Praxiteles, ca. 350 BC Priapus Priapus Son of Aphrodite (no consensus who his father was) God of fertility, often found in gardens and in entrances to homes Appearance: a misshapen older man with an unusually large and erect phallus – Cf. modern medical term ‘priapism’ – Part symbol to bring fertility, part image to ward off evil (apotropaic figure) Pygmalion and Galatea Pygmalion Ovid’s Metamorphoses Art that comes to life Agalmatophilia or Pygmalionism (‘sexual attraction to statues or dolls’) Venus and Adonis Venus Ovid’s Metamorphoses Adonis most likely an eastern god, transferred to Greece via Cyprus – His name may simply be a variation on a Semitic title, adon, meaning ‘lord’, known from Phoenicia (modern Lebanon) A vegetation god, whose death is followed by resurrection, like the annual cycle of the crops Depicted as eternally youthful and handsome – Cf. modern usage of term ‘Adonis’ Cf. the word adonai, used in Old Testament to refer to Yahweh Aphrodite and Anchises Aphrodite Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite (5), ca. 675 BC A somewhat playful hymn Aphrodite + Anchises = Aeneas, national hero of the Roman state, subject of Vergil’s epic poem, the Aeneid (written in the 20’s BC) – ‘love conquers all’ (including Aphrodite herself) – Julius Caesar claimed descent from Aeneas, and thus from Venus Eros (Cupid) Eros Name means ‘love’ in Greek, the Latin name means ‘desire’ Son of Aphrodite and Ares (although cf. Hesiod’s Theogony, where Eros emerges from Chaos) Often attends Aphrodite Often depicted as chubby little boy, winged, armed with bow and arrows Sappho of Lesbos Sappho Poet ca. 600 BC Member of a thiasos (‘religious club’) of young girls that worshipped Aphrodite These young women are often objects of Sappho’s poetry Sappho describes eros as glukupikros (‘bitter­sweet’) – Often supposed that Sappho was intimate with some of them – From this group of women comes our term ‘lesbian’ – Great example of oxymoron (which literally means a ‘sharp­ dull’) ...
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