Lecture 9 ('09)

Lecture 9 ('09) - Artemis(Diana Artemis(Diana Artemis(Diana...

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Unformatted text preview: Artemis (Diana) Artemis (Diana) Artemis (Diana) Artemis (Diana) Goddess of animals, hunting, childbirth, and the moon; virgin goddess; sister of Apollo Origin of Greek name is unclear; her Roman name comes from a root meaning ‘bright’ Appearance: young woman, often shown with bow and arrows, accompanied by animals Common epithet: potnia theron (‘mistress of animals’) Niobe Niobe Niobe’s hybris Leto’s anger Apollo and Artemis defend their mother’s honor Actaeon Actaeon Ovid’s Metamorphoses Diana ruthlessly defends her chastity Callisto and Arcas Callisto and Arcas Ovid’s Metamorphoses Jupiter and Callisto Callisto banished from Diana’s group Wrath of Juno Jupiter ‘saves’ them Callisto turned into bear Arcas Catasterism of Callisto and Arcas Ursa Major and Ursa Minor Euripides’ Hippolytus Euripides’ First staged in 428 BC Hippolytus, son of Theseus; stepmother is Phaedra Hippolytus a zealous devotee of Artemis Anger of Aphrodite and revenge Phaedra’s desire; Phaedra’s nurse Phaedra’s suicide and note Theseus’ curse Death of Hippolytus Refuses to worship Aphrodite ...
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