Lecture 10 ('09)

Lecture 10 ('09) - Apollo Apollo Apollo Apollo God of...

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Unformatted text preview: Apollo Apollo 9/21/2009 Apollo Apollo God of poetry, music, prophecy, colonization, the sun, medicine, healing, archery, and plague Origin of name is unclear Appearance: young man, sometimes with bow and arrows, sometimes with lyre; often crowned with laurel wreath Common epithets: Phoebus (‘shining’), Lykeios, ‘the far­shooter’ or ‘the worker from afar’ Possibly related to Greek word apella (‘assembly’) One of his titles, Lykeios, may be from root meaning ‘light’ Brother of Artemis/Diana N.B. sometimes merges with Helius Homeric Hymn to Apollo Homeric Hymn to Apollo Lines 1­178 in honor of Delian Apollo Lines 179­546 in honor of Pythian Apollo Concerns his birth by Leto on island of Delos Concerns his killing of dragon and establishment of oracle at Delphi Delos Homeric Hymn to Apollo Homeric Hymn to Apollo Apollo ‘the dragon slayer’ (sauroktonos) and the oracle at Delphi Etiology for alternate name of Delphi, namely Pytho (from Greek verb ‘to rot’) Priestess of the oracular shrine was called the Pythia Oracle of Apollo at Delphi Oracle of Apollo at Delphi Pythia Priestess of the oracular shrine Elderly woman Mouthpiece of Apollo Inhaled fumes from tripod (or fissures in earth?) two famous maxims were inscribed on the temple: ‘know thyself’ (gnothi seauton) and ‘nothing in excess’ (meden agan) Ekstasis and possession by god; the Pythia, entranced, uttered god’s answer (in gibberish), which priests interpreted and translated to Greek Answers were famous for their enigmatic nature The Loves of Apollo The Loves of Apollo Apollo and Cassandra Apollo and Daphne Apollo and Hyacinthus Ovid’s Metamorphoses Apollo, Coronis, and Asclepius Apollo, Coronis, and Asclepius Asclepius largely usurps role as god of medicine/healing His temples were basically ancient hospitals Incubation in temples Snakes came during night to lick wounds of the sick Often called soter (‘savior’) Asclepiadae (‘children of Asclepius’), were a guild of physicians on island of Cos Also snakes’ shedding of skin was symbol of rejuvenation Hippocrates Largely responsible for ‘secularizing’ medical profession Cf. Hippocratic Oath ...
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