Review Sheet for Exam 1 ('09)

Review Sheet for Exam 1 ('09) - Review Sheet for Exam #1...

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Unformatted text preview: Review Sheet for Exam #1 (October 5th) : Lecture 1 (General Characteristics of Myth) : Mythos and truth and allegory, symbolism, metaphor the mythic imagination sacred nature of traditional nature of susceptibility to variation classical mythology Lecture 2 (Sources for Myth) : Sources for mythology chronological scope geographical range/cultural differences between Greece and Rome generic variation Homer (ca. 800 BC) Iliad and Odyssey heroic epic poetry Hesiod (ca. 700 BC) Theogony and Works and Days didactic epic poetry/wisdom literature Homeric Hymns Attic Tragedy Aeschylus (525-456 BC) Sophocles (496-406 BC) Euripides (485-406 BC) Vergil (70-19 BC) Georgics and Aeneid Ovid (43 BC-AD 17) Metamorphoses Visual Arts painting, ancient and modern sculpture, ancient and modern ancient architectural sculpture Lecture 3 (Myths of Creation) : Hesiods Theogony epiphany on Mt. Helicon/invocation of Muses, daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne chaos Ge/Gaia, Tartarus, and Eros Hieros Gamos (Ge + Uranus) personification and anthropomorphism 12 Titans, 3 Cyclopes, 3 Hecatonchires Helius, Selene, and Eos Helius and Hyperion Phaethon Castration of Uranus Cronus vs. Uranus Erinyes, Giants, and Aphrodite (the foam-born goddess, aphros ) Cronus and Rhea ( Hieros Gamos , part II) First generation of Olympians: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Poseidon, Hades, and Zeus Cronus devours his children (allegory) Ovids Metamorphoses chaos Lecture 4 (Titanomachy and Gigantomachy) : The Titanomachy Delphi as the omphalos of world Zeus and Olympians (so named from Mt. Olympus) vs. Titans The Gigantomachy Zeus and Olympians vs. Giants Giants as gegeneis and thus chthonic monsters celestial vs. chthonic, order vs. disorder, civilization vs. barbarism Giants imprisoned under earth, etiology of volcanic mountains Typhoeus/Typhaon/Typhon, father of the storm winds The Creation of Mortals Lecture 5 (Prometheus and Pandora) : The Ages of Mankind progress vs. primitivism Prometheus benefactor of human race/culture hero fire-bringer ( pyrphoros ) sacrifice at Mecone (Prometheus tricks Zeus) etiology for nature of animal sacrifice theft of fire Prometheus punishment mankinds punishment Pandora her jar as source of evils in world misogyny hope remains in jar Aeschylus Prometheus Bound Zeus and Io Argus Panoptes and Hermes Argeiphontes Heracles and the eventual release of Prometheus Lecture 6 (The Flood, Zeus/Jupiter, Hera/Juno, etc.) : The Great Flood Zeus and Lycaon Rebirth of Mortals Deucalion and Pyrrha Hestia (Vesta) goddess of hearth in Greece, largely a domestic goddess in Rome, a public/national figure the eternal flame in the Roman Forum and the Vestal Virgins...
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Review Sheet for Exam 1 ('09) - Review Sheet for Exam #1...

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