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Class 1 - Near Eastern Archaeology The History of the...

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Near Eastern Archaeology The History of the Discipline
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The Beginning 1798 - Napoleon Orientalism Rosetta Stone 1821 - Champollion
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The Rosetta Stone
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Rosetta Stone: Hieroglyphics and Demotic
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Behistun Inscription - Rollinson
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1838 - Edward Robinson - Palestine
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1868-Mesha Stele/ Moabite Stone
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Academic Societies 1865 - British Palestine Exploration Fund 1870 - American Palestine Exploration Society 1870’s - Ecole Biblique and German Protestant Theological Institute Goals?
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Early Excavations (Before WWI) 1884 - Americans at Nippur 1890 - Petrie, Bliss at Tell el-Hesi Pottery seriation Relative dating 1902-9 - McCallister at Gezer 1908-1910 - Reisner at Samaria 1924 - published excavation report.
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Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie
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Flinders Petrie in the field
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1919 W.F. Albright arrived
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Interwar Years Foreign Excavators Religious Approach Albright, et al French and Germans Secular Approach Penn at Beth She’an Chicago at Megiddo
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Woolley with harp from Ur
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Sir Max Mallowan
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Lady Mallowan (Dame Agatha Christie) “An archaeologist is the best husband any woman can have. The older she gets, the more interested he is in her.”
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After World War II Foreign v. Native Scholars Political situation Scientific Advances Stratigraphy
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Dame Kathleen Kenyon, excavator of Jericho and Jerusalem
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Yigal Yadin, excavator of Hazor, Megiddo, Masada Also Israeli Minister of Defense
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