Martin 2communicated through writing letters and if they wanted their letter delivered, it would be delivered by a horse. The efforts of writing a letter are much more complicated than any other form of communication present throughout the years. Because writing letters was very time consuming and took a lot of effort, letters were mostly written between soldiers and their families, leaving other people to have to actually physically communicate with others. In 1792 came the telegraph, which made it easier for people to avoid communication, “a way of transmitting messages from a distance along a wire, usually creating signals by marking and breaking an electrical connection” (Jimenez). Then in the 1800s was when the cell phone and radio were invented, and when effective communication died.Effective listening and communication is something that is so rare nowadays, especially in today’s society where everyone is glued to their electronics. It’s like pulling teeth to get anyone in this day and age to just set their cell phones down for five seconds to have a face-to-face conversation. Cell phones, I feel like, have also made people even more anxious about talking to people in person. Stanford Psychology Professor, Philip Zimbardo, noted that “since [he] began the Stanford Shyness Survey in the 1970s, the number of people who said they were shy has risen from 40 percent to 60 percent” and he blamed this on “technology like email, cellphones, and even ATM’s [that] loosened the ‘social glue’ of casual contact” (Moran).