1 - Introduction to the Study of Psychology PSYC1001 -...

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Introduction to the Study of Psychology PSYC1001 - Section F NOTE : THESE NOTES FOR TODAY ARE THE BEGINNING OF THE MATERIAL FOR MIDTERM #2 In today’s class… 0. The Nervous System 0. The Central Nervous System 0. The Brain 1. 1. The Peripheral Nervous System 0. Connecting the brain to behaviour In today’s class (continued)… 1. The Cells of the Nervous System 2. The Action Potential – how does our body communicate internally? 3. How do drugs affect the functioning of the brain and the nervous system – thereby influencing behaviour? From the text… 0. Chapter 3 0. What is the brain, and what is the nervous system? How do the brain and it’s components work? How does the brain control behaviour? 1. How is the brain organized? What does each section do? How do parts of the brain communicate? 2. How do we study the brain and the functioning of the nervous system? 3. 4. How do various parts of the body communicate? How does this communication work? From the text continued 1. What do we know about the brain? 2. 3. How does the nervous system relate to the endocrine system? 4. What do we know about genes and heredity? How do we study heredity? 5. How might evolutionary forces influence our behaviour? What is a “Biologist” doing in the Department of Psychology? 6. Neuroanatomy – the study of the structure of the nervous system 7. Neurochemistry – the study of the chemical bases of neural activity 8. Neuroendocrinology – the study of interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system 9. Neuropathology – the study of nervous system disorders What is a “Biologist” doing in the Department of Psychology? 4. Neuropharmacology – the study of the effects of drugs on neural activity
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5. Neurophysiology – the study of the functions and activities of the nervous system 6. Comparative Psychology – the study of biological processes by comparison of different species Nerves 7. Neurons (nerve cells) – cells that receive and transmit electrical signals 8. The brain is a network of neurons 9. 100 billion neurons with 100 trillion connections 10. The brain is able to engage in complex functions because the nerve cells are organized into modules that work together The Central Nervous System 12. These are protected by… 0. The meninges (pronounced “MEN in gees”) – A three-layered membrane encasing the brain and spinal cord 1. The Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) – the colourless fluid that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord The Brain 13. Processes and stores information about the environment 14. Controls behaviour 15. Regulates the body’s physiological processes The Brain 10. Forebrain – Cerebral cortex, limbic system, thalamus, basal ganglia, hypothalamus 11. Midbrain – several sections, including superior and inferior colliculi (colliculus),
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1 - Introduction to the Study of Psychology PSYC1001 -...

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