Sps Final Research Paper

Sps Final Research Paper - Task: Why England was the...

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Task: Why England was the leading power in the Industrial Revolution? What are the political, economic and social consequences of industrial revolution for both Europe and England? There began a new style of thinking accompanied by development in science in the eighteenth century which made the age later called the age of Enlightenment. Men’s capability to use his own understanding without the assistance of an outside power and his struggle for knowledge are what is required for development in social and scientific terms. For dogmatic thinking, a bad memory of the Middle Ages, kept the mind of thousands uncultivated and immature. Without a free mind there cannot be talked of a free act. Unquestioned obedience nullifies the upward progress in society permanent argument is the source of change, either good or bad, but brings alternatives with itself. Therefore, though they seem to be separate entities, the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution are revealed to be closely interconnected the Enlightenment brought the scientific revolution from the eighteenth century and onwards there was a drastic change, especially in the Great British Empire where the sun never sets. England had her reasons to be the leading power in the Industrial Revolution. Its social, economic and political consequences had inevitably both advantages and disadvantages, both within the nation and the around the countries of Europe and overseas. With the improvement in science, a new facade of life took place in the world. People grew fond of trade which made it possible to have an independent economic existence, especially in England where the Commercial Revolution owing to the banking background of England first began. Instead of being an arbitrary one, the process to reach the Industrial Revolution was a discreet one. England had a good sum of capital in hand by which rich row material could be afforded. Reaching the producer, there occur the products, which will then
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be addressed to the consumers. A new occupation comes into play with the commercial revolution: Entrepreneur, who attempts to make the maximum profit by buying cheap from the producer and selling expensive to the consumer. By this cyclic movement the capital turns into profit and the profit is added to the sum of the capital leading to huge masses. To meet the demands of the consumers, industries should improve their technology, which encourages mass production – the corner stone of Industrial Revolution. There were a good number of reasons for England to be the leading power in the Industrial Revolution. First of all, French Revolution in 1789 and the Napoleonic Wars between 1804-1815 rendered France and other European countries economies fruitless. The wars in Europe discouraged the countries to complete their political existence. Therefore they had to postpone their improvements in the economic sense. Secondly, the forests in England
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2009 for the course PHYS 229 taught by Professor Mehmetyali during the Fall '09 term at Sabancı University.

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Sps Final Research Paper - Task: Why England was the...

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