Vallenato.docx - Melanie Miranda Dr Joseph Kaminsky...

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Melanie Miranda Dr. Joseph Kaminsky HUM-101-WTN03 1/14/19 Vallenato: Three cultures and Countless sounds Vallenato primarily comes from the Colombia's Caribbean region and literally means "born in the valley". The valley influencing this name is located between the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and the Serranía de Perijá in north-east Colombia. The name also applies to the people from the city where this genre originated: Valledupar , located in the Atlantic coast of Colombia. Vallenato consists of four beats that are individualized through their rhythmic structure and the melody chord structure the accordionist gives it. These are paseo, merengue, and puya. Merengue is the most narrative form and thus used in festivities, puya is the oldest form of vallenato and similar to merengue, except with less lyrics and a solo for each of the three main instruments and paseo refers to the slow-paced dancing involved. Certainly, a culmination of three cultures and instruments hybridized, resulting in the birth of this remarkable musical genre. There are three instruments that are traditionally played to create such melodies including, the accordion, the guacharaca and caja vallenata. Additionally, each instrument derived from its own region, encompassing rich cultural antiquity. To begin, t he advent of the accordion is generally thought to have been inspired by the Chinese “cheng”, which is the first
known instrument to use a free vibrating reed to create sound. Furthermore, this instrument was

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