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UN1002F_Text_Study_Guide-05 - WORLD CULTURES Section F/Lab...

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WORLD CULTURES Section F/Lab 6 [ 1:05-2:55 p.m., MWF] UN 1002 Study Guide-2005 for: Peter Stearns, World History in Brief , 5 th ed. Note: Some questions will require you to go back and review material from previous chapters. Chapter 1: Prehistory to Rise of Agriculture 1. What advantage does a hunter/gather-based society have over an agriculturally-based society?: 2. What factors let to the rise of patriarchal gender relations in settled societies? What are the characteristics of patriarchal societies? 3. The prehistoric period is often divided into Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic periods. What is the main characteristic used to mark each of these periods? 4. Which artificial time unit was first developed by early agricultural societies? Chapter 2: Early Civilization 1. What are the characteristics of a civilization? 2. Compare Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations? Where are they the same; where different? 3. Why was Jewish monotheism a significant development in the religious history of early civilization?: 4. Which of the early river valley civilizations was most completely destroyed by migration and invasion?: 5. What were the characteristics of early Chinese river valley civilization? 6. What characteristics differentiated classical civilizations from the earlier river-valley societies? Chapter 3: Nomadic Societies 1. In what areas of the earth did the strongest and most powerful nomadic societies emerge? 2. What were the basic characteristics of nomadic societies? How were they regarded by settled societies? 3. What did they contribute to settled societies? Chapter 4: Classical China 1. What classes had the most/least status in classical China? 2. What are the basic beliefs of Confucianism? Daoism? How did Confucianism and Daoism differ? 3. How did the Chinese government deal with Daoism and Confucianism? 4. What characterized the Qin and Han dynasties? 5. What were the key features of Chinese family structure? 6. What did the phrases “Son of Heaven” and “Mandate of Heaven” mean? Why were they important? 7. How did the later Chinese civilizations differ from the earlier river valley civilizations? 8. How did the Chinese view nature? 9. What is a “dynasty?” 10. What functions did government have in Han China? Chapter 5: Classical India 1. Compare Chinese and Indian geography. How did it affect the histories of these two civilizations? 2. What is the caste system? How does it operate? Where were its shortcomings and benefits to Indian Civilization? 1
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3. What were the basic precepts of Hinduism and Buddhism? How are they different? How are they similar? 4. Compare Chinese and Indian social, political, and economic structures. 5. What was the predominant form of Indian political organization after the fall of the Guptas? 6. Compare the Confucian and Hindu value systems?
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