311C F09 L5OL - H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO...

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Carbon & Organic Compounds
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Organic Chemistry Organic compounds
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Carbon
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Name Molecular Formula Structural Formula Ball-and-Stick Model Space-Filling Model (a) Methane (b) Ethane (c) Ethene (ethylene) Versatility of Carbon Bonding
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Hydrogen (valence = 1) Oxygen (valence = 2) Nitrogen (valence = 3) Carbon (valence = 4) H O N C Versatility of Carbon Bonding
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Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation Skeletons can vary enormously Isomers
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Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation Ethane Propane 1-Butene 2-Butene (c) Double bonds (d) Rings Cyclohexane Benzene Butane 2-Methylpropane (isobutane) (b) Branching (a) Length
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Isomers Three types of isomers: Structural Geometric Enantiomers
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Structural Isomers H H H H H H H H
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Unformatted text preview: H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO 2 H CH 3 NH 2 C CO 2 H H CH 3 NH 2 X X X X C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C H Geometric Isomers H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO 2 H CH 3 NH 2 C CO 2 H H CH 3 NH 2 X X X X C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C H cis trans Enantiomers H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO 2 H CH 3 NH 2 C CO 2 H H CH 3 NH 2 X X X X C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C H Left L Right D Hydrocarbons ) Chemical Groups CH 3 OH HO O CH 3 CH 3 OH Estradiol Testosterone Female lion Male lion Phosphate Group Methyl Group ATP Adenosine triphosphate ATP...
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2009 for the course BIO 311C taught by Professor Satasivian during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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311C F09 L5OL - H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO...

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