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311C F09 L7OL - Lipids Functions Types Triglycerides...

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Lipids Functions Types Triglycerides Phospholipids Steroids
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Triglycerides Functions Structure
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Fig. 5-11a Fatty acid (palmitic acid) (a) Dehydration reaction in the synthesis of a fat Glycerol Triglycerides: Structure
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Fig. 5-11b (b) Fat molecule (triacylglycerol) Ester linkage Triglycerides: Structure
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Fig. 5-12a (a) Saturated fat Structural formula of a saturated fat molecule Stearic acid, a saturated fatty acid Saturated Fatty Acids
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Fig. 5-12b (b) Unsaturated fat Structural formula of an unsaturated fat molecule Oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid cis double bond causes bending Unsaturated Fatty Acids
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Hydrogenated Oils Fully-hydrogenated oils Partially-hydrogenated oils Trans-fats
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Trans Fats
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Phospholipids Functions Structure
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Fig. 5-13 (b) Space-filling model (a) (c) Structural formula Phospholipid symbol Fatty acids Hydrophilic head Hydrophobic tails Choline Phosphate Glycerol Hydrophobic tails Hydrophilic head Phospholipid: Structure
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Phospholipid Bilayers
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Steroids Functions Structure
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Cholesterol
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Steroid Hormones CH 3 OH HO O CH 3 CH 3 OH Estradiol Testosterone Female lion Male lion
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Proteins
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Table 5-1
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Amino Acids
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Amino Acid: Structure N C C O OH H H R H α carbon Carboxyl group Amino group
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Peptide Bond Dipeptides Oligopeptides Polypeptides Proteins
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