Quia 4-2 - Nose Structure that warms moistens and f il ters...

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Nose Structure that warms, moistens, and filters air as it enters the respiratory tract and that houses the olfactory receptors for the sense of smell Sinuses air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity Palate partition between the oral and nasal cavities; divided into the hard and soft palate Pharynx throat; passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larynx Nasopharynx Part of the pharynx directly behind the nasal passages Oropharynx central portion of the pharynx between the roof of the mouth and the upper edge of the epiglottis Laryngopharynx lower part of the pharynx just below the oropharynx opening into the larynx and the esophagus Tonsils oval lymphatic tissues on each side of the pharynx that filter air to protect the body from bacterial invasion-also called palatine tonsils Adenoid lymphatic tissue on the back of the pharynx behind the nose-also called pharyngeal tonsil Uvula small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate, named for its grape-like shape Larynx voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords Glottis opening between the vocal cords in the larynx Epiglottis lid-like structure that covers the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from entering the airway Trachea windpipe; passageway for air from the larynx to the area of the carina where it splits into the right and left bronchus Bronchial tree branched airways that lead from the trachea to the alveoli Right and left bronchus two primary airways branching from the area of the carina into the lungs
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Bronchioles progressively smaller turublar branches of the airway Alveoli thin-walled microscopic air sacs that exchange gas Lungs two spongy organs, located in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cages, responsible for respiration Lobes subdivision of the lung, two on the left and three on the right Pleura membranes enclosing the lung(visceral pleura) and lining the thoracic cavity(parietal pleura)
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This note was uploaded on 11/02/2009 for the course CH 302 taught by Professor Holcombe during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Quia 4-2 - Nose Structure that warms moistens and f il ters...

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