Lecture 3 - Lecture 3 Differences in Cultures Outline A B C...

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Lecture 3 Differences in Cultures
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2 Outline A. What is Culture? B. National Culture C. Determinants of Culture D. Culture Change E. F. Implications for International Business
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3 A. What is Culture? Culture A system of value & norms that are shared among a group of people Constitute a design for living Values Abstract ideas about good or bad Norms Social rules and guidelines
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4 B. National Culture Definition of Society common culture Not strict to one-to-one correspondence between a society & a nation-state Nation-states Political creations Contain a single culture or several distinct cultures Examples: Canada: 3 distinct cultures in one country: an Anglo culture, a French speaking “Quebecois” culture, and a Native American culture
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5 Culture Norms Religion Political Philosophy Economic Philosophy Education Language Social Structure C. Determinants of Culture Factors affecting Culture Norms & Values
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6 C. Determinants of Culture: Social Structure Social Structure Basic social organization to explain differences in cultures Measured by 2 dimensions Individual vs. Group Class system vs. Caste system Individual Building block of many Western societies Group An association of 2 or more individuals who: have a shared sense of identity interact with each other in structured ways on the basis of a common set of expectations about each other’s behavior
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7 Social Stratification C. Determinants of Culture: Social Structure Caste system A form of closed system of stratification in which social position is determined by: ~ the family into which a person is born Change in that position is usually not possible during an individual's lifetime Examples: Japan, India Five different levels of the Indian caste system 1. Priest 2. Ruler, Warrior, Landowner 3. Merchants 4. Artisans, Farmers 5. Outside class system - known as ‘Untouchables’
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8 Social Stratification C. Determinants of Culture: Social Structure British class system 1. The upper class – involve wealthy and powerful people 2. The upper-middle class – members involve in important occupations and the prestigious professions 3. The lower-middle class – members involve in clerical work and the less prestigious professions Class system A form of open social stratification in which the position a person has by birth can be changed through his or her achievement or luck Examples: US, Britain, China
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Lecture 3 - Lecture 3 Differences in Cultures Outline A B C...

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