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CL.11 - National Socialist Party of America v Village of...

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National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie The National Socialist Party of America (a Neo-Nazi group) planned a march in the town of Skokie, Illinois, a largely Jewish community The Park District asked for a huge insurance bond to indemnify them against any damage caused by the anticipated violence hoping that this requirement would dissuade them from marching ACLU sued for the right of the National Socialists to march IL Court: Says State deprives them of First Amendment rights during the period of appellate review (exceptional circumstance during the trial was happening) If a State seeks to impose a restraint of this kind, it must provide strict procedural safeguards Wooley v. Maynard A New Hampshire law required all noncommercial vehicles to bear license plates containing the state motto "Live Free or Die” George Maynard, a Jehovah's Witness, found the motto to be contrary to his religious and political beliefs and cut the words "or Die" off his plate. Civil suit and asks for injunction (judicial remedy, court order to do something of something or stopping them from doing something. Seeking that they get exemption) There must be substantial circumstance and clear showing that injunction is necessary Argues that it is unjust to force compulsion to endorse state views Right to speak and right not to speak, like the religion cases Case involves strict scrutiny- Must be compelling state interest and must be tailored to allow to rights, used when there is direct burden onto individual State interest is to enforce identitcation of vehicles, but there are other ways to accomplish it To promote state pride, but has ideological issues onto individuals
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