CL.10 - Engel v. Vitale Parents of public school students...

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Engel v. Vitale Parents of public school students in New Hyde Park, New York who complained the prayer to "Almighty God" contradicted their religious beliefs Prayer: Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.- Written by the state board of Regents violates the Establishment Clause 6-1 decision Justice Black Prayer is a religious activity by the very nature of it being a prayer Defendant's claims that: (a) people respect any specific established religion; and (b) the prayer is voluntary neither of these claims frees it from contradicting the Establishment Clause The fact that it promotes a religion (the purpose of it) is sufficient to conclude it is in violation, even if that promotion is not coercive Still promotes a family of religions (those that recognize "Almighty God") Also protected under 14 th Problem with the government legitimizing an official religion Coercive pressure- Social issue, forms the prestige that the state is behind religion Enforcement of neutrality, must turn blind eye to it Stewart Dissent He argued that phrases like "the wall of separation" are nowhere in the Constitution and Black used them uncritically Religious references present at the top of all three branches of the federal government and
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This note was uploaded on 11/02/2009 for the course POLITICS CIVIL LIBE taught by Professor Kahn during the Spring '08 term at NYU.

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CL.10 - Engel v. Vitale Parents of public school students...

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