2Lecture1 - The secure child The secure child Helping...

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Unformatted text preview: The secure child The secure child Helping children feel safe and Helping children feel safe and confident in an insecure world confident in an insecure world Dimensions of Parenting play critical role in c s development parental warmth - amount of support, affection, encouragement provided by parent. parental control - degree to which c monitored, disciplined, and regulated (as opposed to no supervision) Styles of parenting Warmth Authoritarian Low High Low High Control Permissive Indifferent Authoritative Styles of Parenting Authoritative parents- high in both warmth and control p : are caring but set limits c: curious, self-confident, academically successful, independent Authoritarian parents- low in warmth, high in control p : demanding, exercise control with threats and punishment. c : easily upset, moody, aggressive, conduct problems, lack of confidence Permissive parents- high in warmth, low in control p : caring but provide no structure or expectations c : often impulsive, immature, out of control Indifferent parents- low on warmth and control p : provide little support, set few limits c : tend to be demanding, disobedient, poor social interaction Power assertion - commands, threats, physical force Love withdrawal - verbal disapproval, ridicule, withholding of affection. Induction- reasoning with c to explain why certain behaviors are prohibited. Encourages reflection by pointing out how the misbehavior may have caused harm or distress to someone else. C disciplined with induction display most advanced reasoning Other factors: culture, temperament power tactics worse for timid c . Styles of parental discipline Greenspans 4 principles for helping children feel safe and secure 1. Spend time together as a family 2. Help children express their feelings 3. Reassurance should be realistic and age appropriate 4. Do something to help others Piagets stages of cognitive development Sensorimotor (0 2): reflexes develop into more complex schemes Preoperational (2 - 7): shift away from sensorimotor schemes to first symbols (language, pretend play) - egocentric, not logical (thought is intuitive) Concrete operations (7 - 11): mental operations (e.g....
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2Lecture1 - The secure child The secure child Helping...

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