Final Exam Review 12_12

Final Exam Review 12_12 - 6104 Social Sciences: Final Exam...

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6104 Social Sciences: Final Exam Review 12/12/08 Question #1: Schumpeter and Lenin, main differences. Schumpeter puts emphasis on expansion for expansion sake; objectless aim and irrational. Imperialists interest are not concrete, only a pretext for expansion sake. Concrete interests are superceded by ideas for more expansion of the empire. Doesn’t pay attention to long term goals, only focus’ on short term. Psychological aim of control of power and domination. Capitalism is the corrective of imperialism. Expansion for expansion sake is a “Will to power”, creates a feeling of dominance, and a need to feel powerful. –Criticism: makes it too easy for himself, doesn’t have any concrete goals for imperialism. Defines economic goals as short-term concrete interest, but neglects the long-term economic interest Lenin focuses on the concentration of wealth and centralization of capital. Nations themselves become monopolies; control of government is being run by the cartels and oligarchies. Conflicts among great powers because nations themselves are trying to monopolize the world—this can only lead to world war. Main differences: Schumpeter claims expansion is objectless, not concerned with economic aspect. Whereas, Lenin sees imperialism as domination through the economic power centers and will lead to the downfall of the controlling state and the colonized state. Initially a struggle b/t economics between countries, but then turns to political aim => leads to world wars. Lenin sees imperialism as a product of capitalism, and Schumpeter sees capitalism as a product of imperialism and it is the corrective for the faults of imperialism. Essay question #2: Arendt -boomerang effect- violence abroad comes back to destruct the colonizer’s states -looks at race/minorities & describes refuge crisis as an indirect effect of imperialism abroad. Comparison of refuges to savages. (p137 & 269) Refuge crisis is one indirect cause of imperialism abroad. Imperialism and war takes away the idea of an individual’s natural state; leaves people to wander searching for a new state to accept them. Imperialism dissolved nationalism, making the old political states break up because of imperialism; the minority populations in the old nation states are left ejected. 2 things happened: 1) Nations become smaller or break up and minorities want their own nations. 2) Nationality becomes larger than the nation states. Ex. Germany wants to extend its state. For Arendt, expansion is antithetical to the founding principle of the nation state, and cannot be easily exported. One countries expansion breaks up another group’s unity. Lack of unity by domination can only lead to a forced consent or a form of tyranny. Violence is becoming a conscious aim of politics, moving away from the objectless expansion of former imperialism. -Increasing insensitivity to dehumanization and violence leads to minority crisis.
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Final Exam Review 12_12 - 6104 Social Sciences: Final Exam...

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