Final Exam

Final Exam - 707873426 Nutrition 150 Take Home Final Exam...

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707873426 Nutrition 150 Take Home Final Exam, Spring 2005 Diabetes mellitus is an adult onset chronic disease resulting irreversible insulin insensitivity. Diabetes affects an estimated 18.2 million Americans. Aside from dire health complications such as retinopathy, heart disease, poor blood circulation, and kidney damage, a person with diabetes incurs medical costs that are two to three times higher than that of a person without diabetes. A person with diabetes can face direct costs for medication and supplies ranging from $1,000 to $15,000 a year. However, diabetes is an extremely preventable disease. Prevention is essential to reduce incidence of this metabolic syndrome to improve the health of Americans and reduce the medical costs associated with it. Doing so would increase worker productivity and overall health and reduce health costs facing those affected as well as counties and workplaces in lost work and healthcare and insurance expenditures. The global goal is to directly reduce the incidence of diabetes mellitus at two separate workplaces in Randolph and Chatam counties. Through separate workplace intervention programs, diabetes incidence among employees will be reduced at several county elementary schools as well as at a chicken processing plant. These diabetes prevention programs will address two specific program plan objectives to tackle problem areas that will be essential to reduce diabetes incidence. These areas include nutritional and physical fitness interventions. Outlined below in a Program Plan Format included specific initiatives that will be undertaken to attain this goal. Resources available for these intervention programs will come through initial monetary grants from the counties, as well as financial help through cooperation with each aspect of the programs by the workplace themselves. Monetary contribution for the future of the programs will eventually come primarily from the workplace if the programs result in cost effective savings from reduction of missed work by employees, reduced healthcare insurance costs, and increased productivity. The programs will be analyzed and assessed at six months and every six months thereafter, and the goal is to reduce diabetes incidence by 50% from the current incidence rate for the current year in each respective county, within three years. For an elementary school workplace, this diabetes prevention program will be implemented through two separate but related areas; those areas are nutrition and physical fitness. Foremost, nutrition as a means of diabetes prevention will be intervened through several different methods. The presence of fresh fruit (and vegetables) in the classrooms and the faculty lounge will be made amply available. Eating a diet high in fruits
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and vegetables has been shown my countless studies to reduce the risk of diabetes and improve insulin sensitivity. Aside from direct health benefits, the availability of these foods will hopefully inspire healthy eating/snacking habits not only at the workplace, but at home as well. The workplace only makes up a third to
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Final Exam - 707873426 Nutrition 150 Take Home Final Exam...

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