ch 6 - T he development of attachment Attachment: a strong...

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The development of attachment Attachment: a strong emotional bond that forms in the second half of the first year between an infant and one or more of the child’s caregiver Theories of attachment Psychoanalytic theory of attachment: babies become attached to their caregivers because the caregivers are associated with gratification of the infant’s innate drive to obtain pleasure through sucking and other forms of oral stimulation Learning theory of attachment: associates the formation of the mother- infant attachment with the mother’s reduction of the baby’s primary drive of hunger Develops over time as a result of satisfying interactions with responsive adults Cognitive theory of attachment: before specific attachments can occur, the infant not only must be able to differentiate between her mother and a stranger but also be aware that people still exist when she cannot see them Ethological theory of attachment: attachment derives from the biological preparation of both infant and parents to respond to each other’s behaviors in such a way that parents provide the infant with care and protection Imprinting: human animals develop a preference for the person or
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2009 for the course PSY 0310 taught by Professor Strauss during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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ch 6 - T he development of attachment Attachment: a strong...

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