Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Socialization: ensuring that their...

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Chapter 11 Socialization: ensuring that their children’s standards of behavior, attitudes, and motives conform as closely as possible to those regarded as desirable and appropriate to her role in society The family system Children are influenced by the larger physical, cultural, social, and historical settings and events around them Ecological systems perspective: view of the family as an interdependent system that functions as a whole The marital system How does the marital relations ship affect children? When parents are mutually supportive, they are more involved with their children and demonstrate affection, sensitivity, and competent child rearing Conflict between parents has been found to reflect insecure attachment of the children to both parents Parents in conflicted marriages had a poor parenting style that was characterized as cold, unresponsive, and angry The more frequent and violent the conflict, the more likely children are to show distress, shame and self-blame Impact of a new baby on the marital/partner system Shift toward a More traditional division of labor between husband and wife Marital satisfaction declines more markedly in women than men after the birth of a couple’s first child The parent-child system
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How parents socialize children Parents cuddle and pet the child and praise her for all sorts of achievements that parents and society regard as desirable Use reinforcement and modeling behaviors Dimensions of parental behavior Parenting patterns and style tend to reflect two primary dimensions of behavior Emotionality: may be warn, responsive, and child centered in the approach to their children, or may be rejecting, unresponsive, and essentially uninvolved with their children and more focused on their own needs and wishes Control Behavioral control: setting reasonable rules and parental use of suggestion, reasoning, and possible alternative courses of actions as well as monitoring of children’s activities Psychological control: use of emotion-directed tactics such as
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2009 for the course PSY 0310 taught by Professor Strauss during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Socialization: ensuring that their...

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