Computer Application II-1.pdf - MINISTRY OF EDUCATION...

This preview shows page 1 - 6 out of 129 pages.

Page 1 of 129 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION DIPLOMA IN INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY KENYA INSTITUTE OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STUDY NOTES Computer Application II MODULE 2: SUBJECT NO 5
Page 2 of 129 Contents CHAPTER 1: FINANCIAL APPLICATIONS ........................................................................................ 5 Fundamentals of accounting ..................................................................................................................... 5 Definition of accounting ........................................................................................................................ 5 Basic Accounting Principles ................................................................................................................... 5 Elements of Accounting ........................................................................................................................ 5 Accounting Equation ............................................................................................................................. 6 Double Entry Accounting System .......................................................................................................... 7 The Accounting Cycle ................................................................................................................................ 7 Bookkeeping vs Accounting ...................................................................................................................... 7 Bookkeeping and Transaction Entry system ............................................................................................. 8 Single-entry system ............................................................................................................................... 9 Double-entry system ............................................................................................................................. 9 Ledgers .................................................................................................................................................... 10 Recording Transactions ........................................................................................................................... 13 Accounting application program QuickBooks ...................................................................................... 23 Understanding QuickBooks Lists ......................................................................................................... 23 Transactions in QuickBooks ................................................................................................................ 34 Reporting on Lists ............................................................................................................................... 38 CHAPTER 2: COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN (CAD) .......................................................................... 40 Fundamental of technical drawing ......................................................................................................... 40 Meaning and importance of computer-aided design ............................................................................. 42 AutoCAD ................................................................................................................................................ 44 Career and application Information of AutoCAD ................................................................................ 44 Advantages of a CAD system .............................................................................................................. 45 Features of a CAD system ................................................................................................................... 45 Typical screen layout of a CAD system ............................................................................................... 49 AutoCAD's Cartesian Workspace ........................................................................................................ 50 AutoCAD configuration- Units and Scales ........................................................................................... 52 Basic AutoCAD Commands ................................................................................................................. 56 Projection ............................................................................................................................................ 70 CHAPTER 3: GEOGRAPHYCAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) ............................................... 75
Page 3 of 129 What is GIS Definition? .................................................................................................................... 75 History of GIS: ..................................................................................................................................... 76 Component of GIS: .............................................................................................................................. 77 Area of GIS Applications ...................................................................................................................... 77 GIS Data Models .................................................................................................................................. 78 GIS Data Types .................................................................................................................................... 78 Sources of Data ................................................................................................................................... 88 Data Input Techniques ........................................................................................................................ 90 CHAPTER 4: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE .................................................................................... 95 What is Artificial Intelligence? ................................................................................................................ 95 Goals of AI ............................................................................................................................................... 95 Benefits and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence .................................................................................... 95 Pros of Artificial Intelligence: .................................................................................................................. 95 The Cons of Artificial Intelligence ........................................................................................................... 96 What Contributes to AI? ......................................................................................................................... 97 Applications of AI .................................................................................................................................... 98 History of AI ............................................................................................................................................ 99 AI - Intelligent Systems ......................................................................................................................... 100 Meaning of Intelligence .................................................................................................................... 100 Types of Intelligence ......................................................................................................................... 100 Composition of Intelligence .............................................................................................................. 101 Difference between Human and Machine Intelligence .................................................................... 102 AI Category Research Areas ............................................................................................................... 103 Neural Networks ............................................................................................................................... 103 Robotics ............................................................................................................................................. 105 Fuzzy Logic Systems .......................................................................................................................... 106 AI - Natural Language Processing ...................................................................................................... 110 Expert Systems .................................................................................................................................. 113 Speech and Voice Recognition .............................................................................................................. 119 Task Classification of AI ......................................................................................................................... 120 AI - Agents & Environments .................................................................................................................. 122 Nature of Environments ........................................................................................................................ 126
Page 4 of 129 Breakthroughs Unleashing AI on the World ......................................................................................... 127
Page 5 of 129 CHAPTER 1: FINANCIAL APPLICATIONS Fundamentals of accounting Definition of accounting It is a systematic process of identifying, recording, measuring, classifying, verifying, summarizing, interpreting and communicating financial information. It reveals profit or loss for a given period, and the value and nature of a firm's assets, liabilities and owners' equity. Accounting provides information on the. Basic Accounting Principles Accounting assumptions and principles provide the bases in preparing, presenting and interpreting general-purpose financial statements. The basic principles that accountants follow include: 1. Accrual Income is recognized when earned regardless of when collected, and expenses are recognized when incurred regardless of when paid.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture