BioG 110 Final Exam Review Guide

BioG 110 Final Exam Review Guide - Spring 2008 By Dr Balko...

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Spring 2008 By Dr Balko BioG 110 Final Exam Review Guide The Final Exam for BioG110 is worth 180 points. Coverage for the final exam will include information covered throughout the semester in both lecture and lab. The best way to prepare for this exam is to use this review guide to help facilitate your review of all the lecture questions Randy has posted for each lecture throughout the semester – the guide will help you to discern which questions summarize the main concepts. I have written this review guide to help you to focus on the important material/questions that we would like you to understand and take with you when you leave this course. The last part of the review guide will give you a list of concepts and thought provoking questions to help you to discern some of the important concepts we would like you to take away from your lab experiences during BioG110. I will create a list of people you should know and remember why they were important to science. Good luck with all your finals Have a wonderful summer!! 1. How were the carbon atoms on Earth synthesized? High temperatures and pressures developed inside the stars, providing the energy necessary to fuse hydrogen into other light elements. 2. Why are proteins better catalysts than RNA? There is more diversity in the amino acids than in nucleotides 3. Why is the cell considered the basic unit of life? It is the smallest unit capable of exhibiting the fundamental characteristics of life 4. What portion of the cell membrane forms the major barrier to the movement of ATP, sugar and proteins? Lipids 5. Within which organelle is Carbon dioxide and water are combined to make carbohydrate? chloroplast 6. What is the summary equation for cell respiration? C(H2O) + O2 => CO2 + H20 + energy 7. How would you estimate the volume of blood through the human heart if you are given the volume pumped per beat and the number of heart beats per minute? Dimensional analysis: (100ml/beat) (1liter/1000 ml) (60 beats/min) (60min/hr) (24hr/day) 8. Using principles of calorimetry alone , WHY were fruits and vegetables considered to be inferior to meat, potatoes, bread and sugar as foods? Meats and stuff have more calories 9. Be able to determine how many pounds of fat you’ll put on in a year given the caloric information about a specific diet (see lecture example). 100 calories/day = 20lb 10. What position is epiglottis in when you swallow food? What about when you breathe? Epiglottis is up when air travels to the lungs. Down when you eat food 11. What effect does the flight-or-fight response have on nutrient and oxygen circulation? Oxygen-rich blood away from the stomach and to the skeletal muscles 12. What function do the villi and microvilli serve? Where are they located? microvilli contain taste receptors in the tongue
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2009 for the course BIOG 1110 taught by Professor Randywayne during the Spring '09 term at Cornell.

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BioG 110 Final Exam Review Guide - Spring 2008 By Dr Balko...

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