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1 ANTHROPOLOGY 202 (500): INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGY Lecture 3, 09/08/09: Time and Space, Archaeological Dating and Spatial Association Finding Sites and Knowing Where You Are: Reading the Landscape A. Archaeological Survey Design Purpose of surveying is to map the physical remains of human activity Surveys must be designed with project goals in mind 3. Geological factors that affect preservation and visibility of sites must be considered; especially important is knowledge of sediment-deposition environments B. Various Archaeological Survey Recovery Methods, including: 1. Walk-over (surface inspection) 2. Shovel/auger testing 3. Remote Sensing – aerial photo 4. Magnetometer and ground penetrating radar C. 1. GPS receivers help archaeologists determine the precise locations of archaeological sites 2. GIS software applications that enable archaeologists to bring together different types of spatial data and examine them together 3. GIS Software “layers” information allowing users to look at as few or as many types of information as needed at one time D. UTM Universal Transverse Mercator: A grid system whereby and east coordinates provide a location anywhere in the world, precise to 1 m Archaeological Excavation—conducted in relation to grid tied to a datum point Cultural materialism , which lends itself to the scientific method , posits that environmental, technological, and economic factors are powerful determinants of human behavior and in understanding change and diversity in human societies
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2009 for the course ANTH 202 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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