Study guide - exam 1

Study guide exam 1 - Study guide exam no.1 Text pgs 1-17 Ideology and ideologies Political ideologies and movements do not simply appear out of

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Text pgs 1-17 Ideology and ideologies - Political ideologies and movements do not simply appear out of nowhere, for no apparent reason, they arise out of particular backgrounds and circumstances and they typically grow out of some sense of grievance and injustice – the conviction that some things are not the way they should be. - Every ideology and every political movement has its origins in the ideas of some early thinker or thinkers. - Ideologies do not react passively to every shift of political winds but they try to shape and direct social changes and shape the world = > they are dynamic . - ideology = scientific study of ideas - ideology a set of ideas that tries to link through with action. An ideology is a fairly coherent and comprehensive set of ideas that explains and evaluates social conditions, helps people to understand their place in society, and provide a program for social and political action. - An ideology has 4 functions: 1) explanatory because it offers an explanation of why social, political and economic conditions are the way they are , particularly in times of crisis. 2) evaluative because supplies standards for evaluating social conditions (decides whether the events that are taking place are good or bad). All ideologies provide standards or cues that help people assess, judge and appreciate social politics and conditions so that they can decide whether those politics and conditions are good, bad or indifferent. 3) orientative because it supplies its holders with an orientation and a sense of identity – of who he or she is, the group to which he or she belongs to and how he or she is related to the rest of the world. They help people orientate themselves in order to gain a sense of where they are, who they are and how they fit into a complicated world. 4) Programmatic – it tells its followers what to do and how to do it. It offers a programmatic or perspective function by setting out a general program of social and political action. Different ideologies recommend different programs of actions. Political ideologies perform these 4 functions because they are trying to link together – ideas and beliefs – to action. - They are not a scientific theory, because the scientific theories are empirical in nature, which means that they are connected with describing and explaining some features of the world, not with prescribing what people ought to do. Even though political ideologies carry implications for how people can live, they also carry implications for the normative problem of how people should live. - Terrorism is not an ideologies but a strategy used by some ideologies to carry out their causes. - democracy is not an ideologies because it does not offer an explanation of why things are the way they are and it is only in a loose sense that we say that democracy serves the evaluative, orientative and programmatic functions. Therefore ideology is and ideal rather than an ideology. - in every ideology there are two further features:
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2009 for the course POS POS 210 taught by Professor Simhony during the Fall '07 term at ASU.

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Study guide exam 1 - Study guide exam no.1 Text pgs 1-17 Ideology and ideologies Political ideologies and movements do not simply appear out of

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