study guide exam 2

study guide exam 2 - POS 350 Comparative Politics Study...

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POS 350 Comparative Politics Study Guide for Exam 2 Democracy - Theories of democratization: main arguments of each approach (cultural approach, ideological/normative approach, strategy and bargaining approach, structural approach) - Features of democracy according to Huber et al (1993): regular free and fair elections of the representative of the basis of universal suffrage, responsibility of the state apparatus to the elected representatives and guarantees of freedom of expression and associations. - State-society relations and democratization: what should be the relationship between state and society to produce democratic outcomes? The balance of class power as the most important aspect of the balance of power in civil society; The nature of the state and state-society relations, or the balance of power between state and civil society; Transnational structures of power, or the international economy and system of states, as they shape the first two balances and constrain political decision-making. -Types of authoritarian systems according to Huntington One-party systems effectively monopolized power, access to power was through the party organization, and the party legitimated its rule through ideology Military regimes exercised power on an institutional basis, with the military leaders typically either governing collegially as a junta or circulating the top governmental position among top generals Personal dictatorships The individual leader is the source of authority and that power depends on access to, closeness to, dependence on, and support from the leader - According to Huntington, what are three types of transition processes from authoritarianism to democracy? Transition Processes Transformation occurs when the elites in power take the lead in bringing about democracy Replacement occurs when opposition groups take the lead in bringing about democracy, and the authoritarian regime collapses or is overthrown Transplacement occurs when democratization results largely from joint action by government and opposition group Latin America Terms: Caudillo - leader or chief, especially a military dictator; political boss; Crony capitalism - supposedly capitalist economy in which success in business depends on close relationships between businessmen and government officials (favoritism in the distribution of legal permits, government grants) The main characteristics of executive system in Mexico: Presidential Democracy
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Non-renewable six year term: Discuss pros and cons Bi-cameral Congress: Senate (62 for 6 year term) and Chamber of Deputies (500 for
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study guide exam 2 - POS 350 Comparative Politics Study...

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