3rd exam - study guide

3rd exam - study guide - Exam 3 Christianity and Judaism...

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Exam 3 – Christianity and Judaism Judaism - problems with its definition - as any other religion – a Jewish is anyone who adverts to a certain set of Jewish religious beliefs and practices - Allan W Miller. (the god of Daniel S.: in search of the American Jew) – list eight different types of person called Jews in American society; range from extremely orthodox, Hasidic Jew to people who have Jewish relatives - Jews can not be defined in terms of religious believes because they are atheist Jews - We can not define Jews based on race or linguistics - but if we can not define Jews based on these we can identify them with people who identify themselves with Judaism - unifying feature between all Jews is the belief of the oneness of a God who works in and through historical events and who has in some matter chosen the Jews people as agents Biblical Patriarchs - According to the Bible God called out one man and his family out of the people of the earth: Abraham; after dealing with all human kind – failure - he chose to deal only with the descendents of Abraham; Abraham is succeeded in his covenant by his son Isaac , his grandson Jacob and Jacob’s 12 sons – called Patriarchs of the Jewish people because they are the physical forebears of the nation (Genesis 12- 50); they are described as nomads; Abraham a citizen of the City of Ur of the Chaldees who left his home to follow the voice of God to the land of Canaan; the Mari letters from Mesopotamina used names as Benjamin and Jacob giving credibility to the Bible narratives; they worshipped one God who guided their destines who was called among the ancient Semitic people El Shaddai (God of the mountains), El Elyon (god Most High ), El Olam (God Everlasting), most frequently Elohim (Gods ); worshipped him by sacrificing animals on open alters (Israelites didn’t worship their God in temples until King Solomon). Indication of basic animistic practices (ex: Abraham planted a grove to seal the covenant, Isaac dug well to reaffirm cov. And Jacob slept on certain stone to dream of God and renew the cov. ) man circumcision practice; traced to ritual back to a commandment from God to Abraham but it is believed to be older than that. Practice of keeping Sabbath was part of the worship of the Patriarchs (introduced in Genesis when God rested on the seventh day) Exodus - stories of the patriarchs provide the reader with the most important events – the Exodus. God promised Abraham that his children would become a nation and with a homeland. Exodus closes with a great nation springing up from the descendents but they were not in Canaan, but in Egypt as slaves. In order of God’s promise to Abraham to be fulfilled they had to leave Egypt. Characters and events of the Exodus became the “heart and soul” of Jewish religion. Events during Exodus and the conqur of Canaan became events celebrated annually in major holidays of Judaism. The law material with is attributed to the Sinai experience became the most important material of the Hebrew bible. The
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3rd exam - study guide - Exam 3 Christianity and Judaism...

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