Philo - Oct.30

Philo - Oct.30 - Theories of Truth Correspondence theory A...

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Theories of Truth Correspondence theory A statement is true when it corresponds to a fact. (141) Grass is green. (142) It is sunny today. It is a fact that Paris is the capital of France, but we don’t check such a fact by looking at the world. Facts that can be checked through observation, in principle, are called empirical facts . “In principle” here refers to the idea that it would be possible to observe the situation, even if we are not in a position to do so now. Things that happen on Pluto are empirical facts. Statements that assert empirical facts, facts about our observable world, are called empirical statements . Types of empirical statements Particular: Statements about specific things. (143) The Sun is bigger than the Moon. General: Statistical in nature. (144) Over half the people in the class are wearing glasses. Note: The observation is not always easy and can include testing, surveys, sampling, and other statistical techniques. Universal: Statements about an entire class of things. (145) All swans are white. Note: We cannot observe the entire class, so we cannot be 100% sure of the claim, but we could observe a counter-instance, a black swan, so the statement is still empirical.
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Epistemology Epistemology is the study of knowledge and truth. The correspondence theory of truth takes it for granted that there are facts. That is, truth exists and it is independent of those who know it.
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2009 for the course PHILOSOP 1200 taught by Professor Viger during the Fall '09 term at UWO.

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Philo - Oct.30 - Theories of Truth Correspondence theory A...

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