# Oct9 - Reasoning Find a way to systematically represent the...

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Reasoning Find a way to systematically represent the data, usually with a matrix or a diagram. Begin by writing down everything that you know to eliminate as many possibilities as you can. You may have to proceed by making a guess with the understanding that the guess might be wrong. You might have to use the same information twice in different ways. Copi p.65 2. Of three prisoners in a certain jail, one had normal vision, the second had only one eye, and the third was totally blind. The jailor told the prisoners that, from three white hats and two red hats, he would select three and put them on the prisoners’ heads. None could see what color hat he wore. The jailor offered freedom to the prisoner with normal vision if he could tell what color hat he wore. To prevent a lucky guess, the jailor threatened execution for any incorrect answer. The first prisoner could not tell what hat he wore. Next the jailor made the same offer to the one-eyed prisoner. The second could not tell what hat he wore either. The jailor did not bother making the offer to the blind prisoner,

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