Oct7 - The Structure of the LSAT exam The test has five...

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The Structure of the LSAT exam The test has five multiple-choice sections, four of which will be counted for your score, one that is used as a pretest to help prepare questions for future tests. You won’t know which one doesn’t count when you are writing the test so you must try equally on all sections. You have 35 minutes for each section. Following the multiple-choice portion of the test you must produce a writing sample. It is not graded but it is sent to the law schools to which you apply. You have 30 minutes for the writing sample. The graded multiple-choice sections are: 1 reading comprehension section; 1 analytical reasoning section; 2 logical reasoning sections. The order varies. There is no penalty for guessing. 1. Reading Comprehension Four passages approx. 450 words followed by 5-8 questions. Point: Can you understand lengthy and complex materials? Read the passage carefully. Read all answers carefully and choose the best answer. 10 Actual, Official LSAT PrepTests : Law School Admission Council, Newtown, PA. Sept. 1995, Section IV, pp.35-36. When catastrophe strikes, analysts typically blame some combination of powerful mechanisms. An earthquake is traced to an immense instability along a fault line; a stock market crash is blamed on the destabilizing effect of computer trading. These explanations may well be correct. But systems as large and complicated as the Earth’s crust or the stock market can break down not only under the force of a mighty blow but also at the drop of a pin. In a large interactive system, a minor event can start a chain reaction that leads to a catastrophe. Traditionally, investigators have analyzed large interactive systems in the same way they analyze small orderly systems, mainly because the methods developed for small systems have proved so successful. They believed they could predict the behavior of a large interactive system by studying its elements separately and by analyzing its component
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mechanisms individually. For lack of a better theory, they assumed that in large interactive systems the response to a disturbance is proportional to that disturbance. During the past few decades, however, it has become increasingly apparent that many large complicated systems do not yield to traditional analysis. Consequently, theorists have proposed a “theory of self-organized criticality”: many large interactive systems evolve naturally to a critical state in which a minor event starts a chain reaction that can affect any number of elements in the system. Although such systems produce more minor events than catastrophes, the mechanism that leads to minor events is the same one that leads to major events. A deceptively simple system serves as a paradigm for self-organized criticality: a pile of sand. As sand is poured one grain at a time onto a flat disk, the grains at first stay close to the position where they land. Soon they rest on top of one another, creating a pile that has a gentle slope. Now and then, when the slope becomes too steep, the grains slide down,
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2009 for the course PHILOSOP 1200 taught by Professor Viger during the Fall '09 term at UWO.

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Oct7 - The Structure of the LSAT exam The test has five...

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